Image: Lynn Fawcett
Image: Lynn Fawcett

This Indus symbol shares a common root with the Chinese character 日. In modern Chinese, can mean the Sun, day, date, or day of the month.

Illustrative Text References:

Harappa: Tablet in bas-relief: H-1943 C: Asko Parpola, B. M. Pande, and Petteri Koskikallio, 2010: Corpus of Indus Seals and Inscriptions: Volume 3,1: Page 266: New material, untraced objects, and collections outside India and Pakistan: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia.


Nindowari-damb: Seal: Nd-3 A: Sayid Ghulam Mustafa Shah and Asko Parpola, 1991: Corpus of Indus Seals and Inscriptions: Volume 2: Page 410: Collections in Pakistan: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia.


It is interesting to note that this symbol may have been in widespread use in the Bronze Age. An example was found in Structure 10 at the Ness of Brodgar¹. The symbol was also in use in Egypt².


Although, the symbol is reminiscent of the eyeball and the iris, it is important to resist the temptation to interpret it as an eye. In inscription H-1943, the symbol is repeated, and looks very much like two eyes. However, the correct translation is two days, which refers to the work that was undertaken.

Image Credit:

Solar Symbol: Lynn Fawcett, 2019.


1. The symbol, known as the Brodgar Eye, was found in Structure 10 at the Ness of Brodgar in 2009. A photograph of the symbol can be seen on the Irish Archaeology website: Accessed: 24 June 2019.


2. Jean-François Champollion, 1841: Dictionnaire égyptien en écriture hiéroglyphique, Chapter 1, Pages 4-9: Firmin Didot, Paris.