This is the method or way that volume is calculated.
For image credits, please see below.
Indus Script Signs with Numbers: Sign List of the Indus Script and List of Sign Variants: Iravatham Mahadevan, 1977: The Indus Script: Texts, Concordance and Tables: The Director General
Archaeological Survey of India.
Indus Script Signs without Numbers: Lynn Fawcett, 2019 - 2020.